The Elder or Poetic Edda is a collection of Old Norse poems.
the Elder Edda is the most important source for Norse mythology and
legends of northern European heroes. The later "Younger" or Prose Edda,
gathered or transcribed by Snorri Sturluson in about 1220 CE, is the
other such source, largely drawing on and even directly quoting from the
poetic material of the Elder Edda. Even the uninitiated reader of the
Eddas may find them familiar in sound, rhythm, and content because of
their considerable influence on the work of J.R.R. Tolkien and his
Middle Earth fantasies. Though the Bray edition is entitled "The Elder
or Poetic Edda, commonly known as Sæmund's Edda," even at the time of
its 1908 publication no scholar still believed that the twelfth-century
Icelandic scholar Sæmundur Sigfússon had anything to do with the Poetic
Edda; whoever actually compiled and transcribed these old oral myths is
unknown to modern scholarship.